Dual spaces ```Name: jan Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1995 ``` Question: Given a vector space V, there exists a vector space called "the dual of V", denoted V*. Which properties does V* have compared to V, that make V* important in some cases? (I am thinking of differential geometry, and of "co-variant - /contra-variant tensor fields"). Replies: A nice text is the book by Halmos. Given a vector space defined over a field, such as the real numbers, the dual space is usually defined as the set of all bi-linear mappings of the vectors onto the field. This is unnecessarily abstract, so let us do it this way (for finite spaces): Let V be a vector space with basis elements e1, . . . e_n, defined on the field of complex numbers. Let W be another vector space of the same dimension, with basis elements f1, . . . , fn, also defined over the complex numbers. We can make W into a "dual space" of V by defining a scalar product with w in W and v in V which is bi-linear in w and v and which satisfies = 1 if i = j and 0 otherwise. In most practical cases, W is just the complex conjugate of V. jlu Click here to return to the Mathematics Archives

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