Environmental Science defined
What is environmental science?
Environmental science is an academic discipline that began on college campuses
in the early seventies to focus on issues that cross the boundaries of other
scientific disciplines such as biology and chemistry or civil engineering.
Scientists and engineers traditionally focus on "systems" - organizations of
matter and energy that have naturally occurring or rationally designed
structures and functions. However, systems operate in "environments" - that
which surrounds systems. Environmental scientists are concerned with how
environments affect systems and how systems affect environments.
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 requires all building and manufacturing
projects that are funded by the government to be reviewed for environmental
impacts in a document called an environmental impact statement. Environmental
Science grew up as a response to the need for scientists and engineers who are
trained in environmental impact assessment techniques.
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Update: June 2012