Can hurricanes form on frozen water and if so, I heard
they found water on mars so does mars have hurricanes too?
Hurricanes depend on the evaporation of water from a warm ocean
surface, so a hurricane could not form over frozen water.
Mars may have water on (or in) it. However, the surface is basically dry
with very little (if any) water available. You need a very large, warm,
open ocean and the right dynamic conditions to produce a hurricane, so
hurricanes as we know them are not possible on Mars. However, there
clearly are storms (dry, dusty ones) on Mars, which are apparently
produced by strong horizontal gradients of temperature, just as on Earth.
David R. Cook
Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry Section
Environmental Research Division
Argonne National Laboratory
Hurricanes are large storms that form and are "fed" by the convection of
warm wet air into cooler air at higher altitudes. This colder air then
sinks to ocean level warms up, picks up moisture and starts the cycle over
again. So "hurricanes" require water and a thermal gradient to form. This
will not happen over frozen water or if the temperature gradients are not
large enough. This does not preclude storms of other origins from forming
over polar cold regions or on Mars, but I do not think these would be
classified as "hurricanes".
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Update: June 2012