Date: Summer 2011
How exactly does the supersymmetry (or SUSY) theory
interact everyday around us? I understand that every particle has a
sparticle or gaugino that has one half less integer spin, but how do
those particles interact, do they cancel out or annihilate when they
touch their partners? Are super-partners 2 particles stuck together
in superspace (a fermion and a boson) and one of them cant be
observed (the new sparticles and gauginos)? Are there some of these
new particles around us now and we cant see them and how do they
interact with the particles we know of now (maybe a Feynman diagram)?
We do not know for a fact that supersymmetry exists. Measurements have
not truly tested it. Many theoretical difficulties are explained
and/or eliminated if the universe has supersymmetry. The basis of
supersymmetry is that there is no preference for fermions (half-integer
spin) or bosons (integer spin): if a half-integer spin particle can
exist, then so can a similar particle with integer spin. The same
would hold true in reverse. It is my impression that theoretical
physicists are still exploring the possible effects of supersymmetry,
as well as how to measure it.
They will not link in the same way as a particle and its anti-particle.
A more similar link might be an electron and the corresponding
neutrino. This is more of a charge symmetry: -e for the electron,
zero for the neutrino. Masses can be very different, but most other
properties are the same.
Likewise, A supersymmetric particle (or sparticle) does not need the
same mass as it's more common relative. Very different masses are an
easy explanation for why we do not see these sparticles. If we can
find them, then supersymmetry will be accepted by many scientists. If
the sparticles are not at the energies that supersymmetry theories
predict, then there is something incorrect about the theories.
Dr. Ken Mellendorf
Illinois Central College
Click here to return to the Physics Archives
Update: June 2012