Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory Office of Science NEWTON's Homepage NEWTON's Homepage
NEWTON, Ask A Scientist!
NEWTON Home Page NEWTON Teachers Visit Our Archives Ask A Question How To Ask A Question Question of the Week Our Expert Scientists Volunteer at NEWTON! Frequently Asked Questions Referencing NEWTON About NEWTON About Ask A Scientist Education At Argonne Golf Club Angles and Momentum
Name: Josh
Status: student
Grade: 9-12
Location: CT
Country: N/A
Date: 4/18/2005

In golf, how is momentum affected by different angles of different clubs?

Hi, Josh,

If you use a club with a larger angle so the ball starts out moving a larger angle above the horizontal, the force the club exerted on the ball is clearly at a larger angle above the horizontal. Then, by Newton's second law (For every action (force), there is an equal and opposite reaction) the ball exerts a more downward force back on the club. Since the club cannot move much vertically (if it is held firmly in the hands of the golfer), the effective horizontal component of the force of the ball back on the club will be reduced so the momentum of the club is reduced by a smaller amount. The ball also receives a smaller component of momentum forward and so does not travel as far.

Does this answer your question? I'm not sure which momentum you are asking about, If you still have questions, please try again,

Best, Dick Plano, Professor of Physics emeritus, Rutgers University

Click here to return to the Physics Archives

NEWTON is an electronic community for Science, Math, and Computer Science K-12 Educators, sponsored and operated by Argonne National Laboratory's Educational Programs, Andrew Skipor, Ph.D., Head of Educational Programs.

For assistance with NEWTON contact a System Operator (, or at Argonne's Educational Programs

Educational Programs
Building 360
9700 S. Cass Ave.
Argonne, Illinois
60439-4845, USA
Update: June 2012
Weclome To Newton

Argonne National Laboratory