Regarding plasma: I understand that ionized hydrogen
would separate the proton from the electron. What about heavier gases? Do
all or only part of the electrons ionize from the nucleus depending upon
the amount of ionizing energy? Thanks in advance. Doug Broyles
Generally, only some of the electrons will depart. As you guessed, the more
protons there are in an atomic nucleus, the more energy is required to strip
away all the electrons.
Richard E. Barrans Jr., Ph.D.
PG Research Foundation, Darien, Illinois
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Update: June 2012