Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory Office of Science NEWTON's Homepage NEWTON's Homepage
NEWTON, Ask A Scientist!
NEWTON Home Page NEWTON Teachers Visit Our Archives Ask A Question How To Ask A Question Question of the Week Our Expert Scientists Volunteer at NEWTON! Frequently Asked Questions Referencing NEWTON About NEWTON About Ask A Scientist Education At Argonne Albino Gene Loci

Name: Gabreal
Status: other
Grade: 9-12
Location: Outside U.S.
Country: USA
Date: Spring 2012


Question:
What chromosome is albinism located on?



Replies:
There are actually many different kinds of albinism which occur due to mutations in different genes. In principle, all forms of albinism share a common trait, namely that affected individuals do not produce melanin, the major pigment protein in our skin. However, there are a wide variety of potential mutations that can lead to this result, and they are located on several different chromosomes. One notable case is of ocular albinisms, which only affect the eyes (and not the skin). These mutations have been shown to be present almost exclusively on the X chromosome. As a result, most individuals affected with X-linked ocular albinism will be male, similar to the genetics of X-linked color blindness.

Sunterman Ph.D.



Click here to return to the Molecular Biology Archives

NEWTON is an electronic community for Science, Math, and Computer Science K-12 Educators, sponsored and operated by Argonne National Laboratory's Educational Programs, Andrew Skipor, Ph.D., Head of Educational Programs.

For assistance with NEWTON contact a System Operator (help@newton.dep.anl.gov), or at Argonne's Educational Programs

NEWTON AND ASK A SCIENTIST
Educational Programs
Building 360
9700 S. Cass Ave.
Argonne, Illinois
60439-4845, USA
Update: June 2012
Weclome To Newton

Argonne National Laboratory