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Name: Diane W.
Status: Educator
Age: 40s
Location: N/A
Country: N/A
Date: February 2003

How long does the DNA--> Messenger RNA --> amino acids formation --> protein synthesis process take? Seconds? minutes?

Once transcription is initiated, RNA polymerase can string nucleotides together at a rate of about 30 nucleotides per second. An "average" sized RNA of 5000 nucleotides would take about 3 minutes at 37C.

The complete synthesis of a protein takes 20 to 60 seconds on average.

Reference: The Molecular Biology of the Cell, by Bruce Alberts et al. Garland Press

Paul Mahoney, PhD

Translation of a few hundred amino acids off an mRNA transcript takes a second or so.

Peter Faletra

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