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Name: Mylene B.
Status: Student
Age: 20s
Location: N/A
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Date: N/A 


Question:
I would like to know what exactly is an enterobacteria and Is there a list of all enterobacteria that exists ? If not, is Corynebacterium diphteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, Treponema pallidium,Rickettsie prowasecki and Listeria monocytogenes all enterobacterias?



Replies:
Enterobacteria is short for a family of bacteria known under the full name of Enterobacteriaceae. Many of the members of this family live in the intestines of mammals. None of the bacteria you listed are enterobacteria. Some well-known examples are: Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Yersinia, Klebsiella, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Shigella. Several of these cause enteric diseases, others are native flora of our gut.

The best way to look up families, genus and species of bacteria is the taxonomy database of the National Library of Medicine at NIH, see

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/taxonomyhome.html/

Dr. Trudy Wassenaar,
Curator of the Virtual Museum of Bacteria
www.bacteriamuseum.org



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