Tatum's and Beadle's Theory
Name: Heather F.
Does the statement (featured in my biology book titled
BIOLOGY 5TH EDITION by CAMPBELL, MITCHELL AND REECE), "Moreover a number
of genes are known to give rise to two or more different proteins,
depending on which segments are treated as exons during RNA processing,"
contradict that of Tatum's and Beadle's ONE GENE - ONE PROTEIN
No, it is the definition of a gene you are having problem with. A gene is
a sequence and if two genes have overlapping sequences it does not mean it
is the same gene!
In science, there are exceptions to every rule. And since Beadle and Tatum's
original hypothesis, we have modified it to say "one gene, one polypeptide".
Recall that not only can different exons in a single gene produce a different
polypeptide, but many functional proteins are made of more than one
polypeptide. An example of this is hemoglobin which is made of 2 alpha and 2
beta polypeptide chains that come together to form the single protein.
Because one gene does NOT always end up producing just one form of the
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Update: June 2012