Gauss and Series Summation ```Name: Joe N. Status: student Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A ``` Question: What is the total of the numbers 1 through 100 (inclusive). I understand that Gauss had the formula for doing this calculation very quickly. What is the formula and does it have a name. Replies: Hi: The story is presented as follows: Gauss as a young school kid was being punished by his teacher for being disruptive in class. The punishment was to add the numbers from 1 to 100. Gauss blurted out the answer. The formula, if you will, is to add 1 +100, 2+99, 3+98, ...48+53, 49+52, 50+51. So, we have the number 101 fifty times or 5050. Dr. Harold Myron ```Yes Gauss did! The story (I do not know whether it is true or not.) is that when Gauss was in the third or fourth grade (I do not know exactly, but a very early grade.) his teacher gave this boring assignment to his class. (I think that "busy work" is not a new phenomenon.). Within a minute, to the amazement of the teacher, Gauss turned in his paper with a single number written on it (2525). Here's how Gauss thought: 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +.... + 98 + 99 + 100 100 + 99 + 98 + 97 + .... + 3 + 2 + 1 equals 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 This sum is: 100 x (101) = 10100. But this is adding the sum from 1 to 100 two times, once going up and the second time going down, so 10100 must be divided by 2. So the number Gauss wrote was: 10100 / 2 = 5050 !! The book, "Mathematics -- from the Birth of Numbers" by Jan Gullberg has a nice discussion of the topic of the sum of finite and infinite series. Vince Calder ``` Joe, The proper name for this is a "series". A series is a sequence of numbers added together. The formula is based on the fact that you can express the series as sets of 101. The first number plus the last number is 1+100=101. The second number plus the second-to-last number is 2+99=101. The third plus the third-to-last is 3+98=101. This continues on until 50+51=101. There are fifty sets of (101). The formula for the sum of all numbers from 1 to N is sum=N(N+1)/2. I don't know whether it has a fancy name. The sum is 5050. Dr. Ken Mellendorf Physics Instructor Illinois Central College Click here to return to the Mathematics Archives

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