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Name: Nicole P.
Status: student
Age: 17
Location: N/A
Country: N/A
Date: 10/31/2003


Question:
What property of paradichlorobenzene makes it an effective ingredient in mothballs?


Replies:
Nicole,

Paradichlorobenzene (a chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbon) is not the stuff of which moth balls are made. Paradichlorobenzene is referred to as "moth crystals." Moth balls are composed of naphthalene, which is a also an aromatic hydrocarbon. "Aromaticity" in this context refers to molecular structure, not odor -- although both compounds have powerful odors.

Under room temperature conditions, these solid chemical compounds have a relatively high vapor pressures. They can sublime directly from the solid to the gaseous state without melting during the phase change. When they do, they displace oxygen from confined spaces. Thus, one of their insecticidal properties is that of suffocation -- they deprive bugs of air. Also, their chemistry is incompatible with living systems -- they are toxic.

Regards,
ProfHoff 738


Hi Nicole!

Usually the commercial type mothballs are made of either naphthalene or para dichlorobenzene. Both these substances are toxic to moths that can destroy clothes kept in closed places. Besides that they can sublimate, that is they go directly from the solid state to the gas state. As gas they can go inside clothes and fill the place where they stand, killing the moths if they are there. Be careful when using any kind of moth balls, they are also toxic to humans and pets. Mostly never use in children closets or keep them in places where a child can find, play or even put in the mouth. Moth balls are poison!

And thanks for asking NEWTON!

Mabel
(Dr. Mabel Rodrigues)


Nicole,

Paradichlorobenzene along with naphthalene make a good insecticide because both compounds sublime quite readily in the open atmosphere.

Sincerely,

Bob Trach



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