Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory Office of Science NEWTON's Homepage NEWTON's Homepage
NEWTON, Ask A Scientist!
NEWTON Home Page NEWTON Teachers Visit Our Archives Ask A Question How To Ask A Question Question of the Week Our Expert Scientists Volunteer at NEWTON! Frequently Asked Questions Referencing NEWTON About NEWTON About Ask A Scientist Education At Argonne Iodine Solubility with KI
Name: Narayani
Status: other
Grade:
Location: N/A
Country: India
Date: January 2009


Question:
Why is it that I2(iodine) which is otherwise insoluble in water dissolves in water when a little amount of KI is added to the water?



Replies:
Molecular Iodine (I[2]) reacts with the iodide ion (I[-1]) forming the triatomic ion (I[3])[-1] which is very water soluble. Iodine (I2) also reacts with polyvinylpyrrolidone by forming a "sandwich" between adjacent pyrrolidone rings. This substance is used in place of alcohol solutions of iodine as an antiseptic, under the trade name "Providone".

Vince Calder


Naryani,

Since I2 is a non-polar covalent molecule, it does not ionize in water, nor can it be soluble in the polar water.

KI, which is a polar, ionic compound, will ionize and dissolve in water. When KI dissolves in water, it ionizes to K(+) and I(-).

The I(-) will react with I2 to form I3(-). I3(-) being negatively charged will dissolve in water.

Greg (Roberto Gregorius)


There is a stable I3- ion in water. It has an equilibrium: I2 + I- <--> I3- . So the amount of iodine that will dissolve is proportional to the amount of KI added. You will have to look around to learn what is its structure and why it stays bonded together.

A solution of I2 and KI with matched concentrations is considered KI3 solution. Often called potassium tri-iodide.

When pretty concentrated and fully saturated with I2, it is about the mildest chemical solution that will dissolve gold. So it is useful for making gold conductive patterns on ceramic plates, used for microwave electronics.

Jim Swenson



Click here to return to the Chemistry Archives

NEWTON is an electronic community for Science, Math, and Computer Science K-12 Educators, sponsored and operated by Argonne National Laboratory's Educational Programs, Andrew Skipor, Ph.D., Head of Educational Programs.

For assistance with NEWTON contact a System Operator (help@newton.dep.anl.gov), or at Argonne's Educational Programs

NEWTON AND ASK A SCIENTIST
Educational Programs
Building 360
9700 S. Cass Ave.
Argonne, Illinois
60439-4845, USA
Update: June 2012
Weclome To Newton

Argonne National Laboratory