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Name: Garrett A Mayer
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How are ribosomes constructed?

They are made from large pieces of RNA (ribosomal) which are cut into smaller pieces, joined with special binding proteins (about 50%) and assembled into small and large subunits. During the translation (protein synthesis) process these small and large subunits bind onto mRNA and read and assemble the amino acids coded by the base sequence on the RNA has special catalytic properties necessary for this complex process.

Most antibiotics work by interfering with the normal function of ribosomes found in prokaryotes (bacteria). Bacteria die since they cannot make the necessary proteins. e.g. streptomycin and tetracycline.

Ribosomes are most likely assembled in the cytoplasm. This is undoubtedly a very important organelle in terms of the evolution of life since all cells have some form of ribosome.


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